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Anatomical Arthroscopic Anterior Talofibular Ligament Repair and Reconstruction Using a Free Tendon

Arthroscopic techniques for anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) repair and reconstruction have been developed in recent years. We simultaneously performed anatomical arthroscopic ATFL repair and reconstruction using a free tendon graft. The ATFL remnant is carefully dissected only at the footprint of the superior limb of the ATFL, and a bone tunnel is created on each side of the fibula and talus. A soft suture anchor with 2 sets of threads is inserted into the fibular tunnel. One set of threads is used to grab the ATFL remnant via a lasso-loop technique, whereas the other set of threads is used to introduce the ATFL graft. The graft is first fixed with a screw in the talar tunnel. Subsequently, the ATFL remnant and the graft are tightened simultaneously by pulling the 2 sets of suture anchor threads at the fibular tunnel and are fixed with a screw. This technique provides the possible advantages of remnant preservation and promotion of load sharing by the repaired ATFL remnant and the reconstructed ATFL graft.

Authors

Reiji Higashiyama, M.D., Ph.D., Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, M.D., Ph.D., Ken Takata, M.D., Akira Katagiri, M.D., Gen Inoue, M.D., Ph.D., and Masashi Takaso, M.D., Ph.D.
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